Engineering Graphics & Design



1.   The Design Process
     1.1   Case Studies
     1.2   Resource Tasks
     1.3   Capability Tasks
2.    Social Issues
      2.1   HIV & AIDS
      2.2   Gender Issues
      2.3   Human Rights
3.    Environmental Issues & Indigenous Technology
      3.1    Environmental Issues
      3.2    Natural Technology
      3.3    Indigenous Knowledge Systems
      3.4    Indigenous Technology
      3.5    Case Studies
4.    Visualization of Space
      4.1    Optical Illusions
      4.2    Matching Views
      4.3    Freehand Activities
      4.4    Historical Case Studies
5.    Basic Concepts and Constructions
      5.1    Freehand Drawing
      5.2    Artistic Rendering
      5.3    Instruments
      5.4    Line Types
      5.5    Conventions
      5.6    Geometrical Constructions
      5.7    Polygons
      5.8    Dimensioning
      5.9    Developments
6.    Computer Aided Draughting (CAD)

      6.1    Use of AutoCAD
      6.2    Drawing Commands
      6.3    Modify Commands
      6.4    Snap Tools
      6.5    Drawing of Class Drawings
7.    Multi-view Drawing
      7.1    First Angle Orthographic Projection
      7.2    Third Angle Orthographic Projection
      7.3    Descriptive Geometry
      7.4    Geometrical Solids
      7.5    Sectional views
8.    Single View Drawing

      8.1    Oblique Projection
      8.2    Isometric Projection
      8.3    Perspective Drawing


9.    Civil Technology
      9.1    Architectural Drawing
      9.2    Civil Drawing
      9.3    Structural Drawing
10.   Electrical Technology
      10.1    Wiring
      10.2    Circuit Diagrams
      10.3    Block Diagrams
      10.4    Heavy Current Drawings
      10.5    Light Current Drawings
      10.6    Electronic Drawings
11.   Mechanical Technology

      11.1    Machines at Work
      11.2    Mechanical Processes
      11.3    Mechanical Engineering Features
      11.4    Mechanical Drawing


1.    What is Engineering, Graphics & Design?
Engineering Graphics and Design is a communication and management tool that links those who design and plan with those who produce the artifacts and systems. It is used in the design phase to record and develop ideas, and in the manufacturing phase to guide those who do the manufacturing.

2.    Purpose of the Subject?
Engineering Graphics and Design will contribute towards your technological literacy by giving you opportunities to:
  • Appreciate the interaction between people’s values and attitudes, society, the environment, human rights and technology.
  • Apply the Design Process to solve Civil, Electrical and Mechanical problems analytically and graphically.
  • Understand the concepts and knowledge used in Engineering Graphics and Design, and use them responsibly and purposefully in the context of Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Technologies.
  • Develop and apply specific skills related to Engineering Graphics and Design.
3.   Careers and Study Opportunities in Engineering, Graphics & Design
EGD will equip you to explore more careers than you may expect! It will primarily equip you to become a designer or engineer but interior designers, landscape designers, furniture designers, draughters, architects, inventors, people in the construction industry, surveyors and even EGD educators use the skills that you will learn in this subject.
Technology is a very wide field, and involves many individuals. People can either work as part of an organization as employees, or as individuals who do contract work. Those who do the actual work are called artisans, and those who initiate the engineering and technology process (tell them what to do) are called engineers. In between the engineer and the artisan are technicians and technologists.

To become a technician, technologist or engineer you must start with a Further Education and Training Certificate (FETC). This is the school-leaving certificate at the end of grade 12. The school subject, Engineering Graphics and Design (EGD) is a recommended subject, along with Mathematics, Science and Languages. This is because EGD equips you to communicate effectively, both reading and producing drawings. EGD will also assist you to solve problems as you engage in the design process.